Some people think that trading in index funds is a good idea because it is a way to diversify by investing in lots of different stocks. Also, index funds are usually a reasonably priced way to invest.

Index funds have the potential to be a more sophisticated option than individual stocks because they allow traders to diversify their portfolio. The S&P 500 and S&P Global 100 index funds are some of the most popular and best-performing funds out there.

These indices are made up of stocks from hundreds of the largest and most renowned United States companies from all industries. The low-risk nature of these investment methods make them a good choice for investing in stocks.

The markets can fluctuate significantly if something major occurs, as we saw with Covid-19 in 2020 and 2021.

The battle between the S&P 100 and the S&P 500 is one that investors need to know about. The S&P 100 is made up of the 100 largest companies in the United States by market capitalization, while the S&P 500 is made up of the 500 largest companies in the United States.

The S&P 500 index

The S&P 500 Index is a stock market index that tracks the performance of 500 large-cap U.S. companies. The index is capitalization-weighted, meaning that it takes into account the market capitalization of each company in the index.

The S&P 500 is often considered to be a good measure of the US economy since a large proportion of the US equity market is made up of its constituent companies, which come from a range of different market sectors.

The general consensus among investors is that the US stock market is a safe investment with good long-term growth potential.

To have your portfolio grow with the US economy, you should invest in a broad well-diversified index fund offered by many providers, including the company the text is from.

S&P 500 Index Funds Popularity

The S&P 500 index, which was created in 1957, has experienced many decreases and market crashes throughout its existence.

Although it experiences occasional setbacks, it has always eventually regained its footing and earned an average return of around 10% per year over most long-term periods. This robust performance is marvelled at by both retail investors and investment experts.

Warren Buffett has said multiple times, including at the 2020 Berkshire Hathaway shareholder’s meeting, that a low-cost index fund tracking the S&P 500 is the best investment for most people. S&P 500 index funds are very popular with investors, and it’s no wonder why. Warren Buffett, the Oracle of Omaha, recommends it!

Investors who want to increase their exposure to US large-cap equities may want to consider buying a Vanguard S&P 500 ETF or iShares Core S&P 500 ETF. This can be a good option for investors who want to complement their existing portfolios.

We’re offering the Kernel S&P 500 Fund for people who want to invest more in the US starting in April 2022. Our key advantage is that we remove most of the negative impact that the USD/NZD exchange rate has on our currency.

There are a few things to consider before investing in an S&P 500 index fund. Diversification is key in investments, so make sure to consider the different aspects of it before putting your money in.

S&P 500 Index Futures

The S&P 500 index started trading as a futures contract at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange in 1982.

If you want to predict how the S&P will do in the future, you can multiply the current value of the index by $250. For example, a market index fund with a value of $250 multiplied by the S&P value of 3,000 results in a value of $750,000.

Traders can only take a position on a futures contract after putting down a fraction of the contract value, which is known as the margin. Keep in mind that the margins used for day trading are different from the ones used in stock trading.

Top Companies In S&P

S&P 500 is a stock market index that comprises 500 of the largest publicly-traded organizations in the US. Here are some of the world’s most well-known companies: Apple, Microsoft, Bank of America, Coca-Cola, Visa, and Exxon Mobile.

To be listed on the S&P index, a company must have a market capitalization of at least $11.8 billion and have at least 10% of its shares in the public market.

S&P Ratings

S&P uses a letter-based system to rate the creditworthiness of bonds and the firms that issue them. The scale goes from A to D.

The letter may have a plus, minus, or number. A high grade signifies low risk. anything above BBB is regarded as the investment grade (safe investment)

Overview of MSCI ESG Fund Ratings

MSCI’s goal with their fund ratings is to investigate how well different ETFs and mutual funds will do in the long run when considering environmental, social, and governance issues.

However, MSCI ESG Research is for information purposes only. This MSCI ESG research is provided with the following disclaimer:

The score for each MSCI ESG Fund rating ranges from CCC (last) to AAA (first). The MSCI ESG fund’s performance is usually based on the weighted average of the ETF’s or index fund’s holdings.

IHS Markit is a great place to get information on investing in index funds. IHS Markit is a company that provides information, analytics, and research about different industries, governments, and financial markets.

The Number of Stocks 

S&P 500 index funds are popular because they are believed to offer good diversification. This is because the index consists of over 500 companies.

This means that when you diversify your portfolio, you are buying a number of different stocks in different sectors and industries, which will all react differently to market conditions.

This can help protect your investment from sudden market changes, as not all of your stocks will be affected in the same way. This measure is taken in order to protect against stocks all dropping in value simultaneously, which would result in large losses during difficult economic times.

We should keep in mind that adding more companies to our holdings requires more underlying costs and administrative record keeping.

With a large number of very small holdings in a variety of funds, do we really need that much diversification? Research says not more than 100.

The Significance of Number of Stocks In Index Funds

investors might prefer the S&P index funds because more than 500 companies are represented, providing diversification

In other words, diversification means that different stocks in various industries and sectors will have different responses to changes in the market.

This approach to the stock market prevents stocks from decreasing in value at the same time, and thus there is a lower chance of extreme losses during crises and recessions.


Research on the ideal number of stocks to make a diversified portfolio has been extensively done over the past three decades. While there is no definitive answer, the majority of research suggests that a portfolio of 20 to 30 stocks provides enough diversification.

Most studies on the topic of portfolio size have yet to find a consensus, though they tend to agree that the minimum size needed for a diversified portfolio is lower than what is optimal. How many stocks are needed to create a diverse portfolio varies from 20 to 100 depending on the markets and time periods being examined.

This means that if you want to reduce your risk by 90%, you would need to invest in around 55 different stocks. When financially struggling, the number of stocks increased to 100.

For the U.K., Japanese, Canadian, and Australian markets, other research has suggested that the number of stocks that need to be owned in order to get a diversified portfolio can be as high as 86, 97, 39, and 81, respectively. Although the results only involve domestic equity investment, it does not affect international diversification.

Ideal Diversification

The ideal number of stocks for a diversified stock market portfolio has been changing over the past three decades.

Even though experts have not come to a definitive conclusion, it is worth mentioning that these studies focus on the minimum amount instead of the optimum amount.

The minimum number of stocks you should have in your portfolio depends on your investment goals and the amount of time you plan to hold the investments, as well as the historical market returns.

Thin Index Funds

Most broad indices are impacted by a firm’s size because they are market-cap weighted.

High market capitalization stocks have increased weighting in any business involvement, and a change in its price substantially affects the index performance.

While large companies have a significant impact on the index fund’s overall performance, small companies have very little impact, making it difficult to access premium stock prices.

Diversification: S&P 100 vs S&P 500

While sector diversification may seem like a good thing, the Standard & Poor’s Global 100 index actually has a broader sector than the S&P 500. By September 30, 2021, the top 1050 investments will be in IT, communication services, consumer discretionary, consumer staples, health care, and financials.

Despite making up a large portion of the index funds’ market value, the 10 largest stocks in the S&P 500 only represent four sectors: IT, communication services, financials, and consumer discretionary.

Diversification Isn’t Just About The Number of Stocks

Many investors believe that a fund with a large number of stocks is more diversified, when in reality it may not be. That more is better, however, this isn’t the case.

You won’t get everything if you diversify in just one country, sector, or style.

There are 1,561 companies in the MSCI World Index and 11,801 companies in the S&P Global Broad Market Index (BMI).

Whilst it can be tempted to want to own every stock in the share market with the intention of maximum diversification, the reality is that even the largest, broadest indices don’t capture every listed company in the world and have various criteria such as sufficient liquidity, minimum size and which exchange listed on as some smaller stock markets are excluded.

The Size of Companies Within An Index Matters Too

Since most broad indices are weighted by market capitalization, the size of companies within a fund is likely to have an effect on that fund’s performance.

A stock’s market capitalization (the total value of its shares) affects the weighting of that stock in an index. A large market cap means the stock has a higher weighting, and any movement in its share price will have a bigger impact on the index’s performance.

Conversely, even though smaller companies that make up only a fraction of larger companies barely have an impact on the fund’s overall performance, they can still grow significantly.

The graph above shows the index performance of the US100, S&P500, and the US BMI of all 3293 US-listed companies. Basically the same.

One of the main reasons we chose to offer and track the S&P Global 100 index as one of our first global funds is that it is a leading indicator.

Don’t Forget About Diversification Across Markets

While it is important to diversify one’s portfolio by investing in different stocks, it is also important to diversify by investing in different markets. There are many large US companies that have global operations, but there are also great companies that are not listed on the New York Stock Exchange. Nestle, Samsung, Toyota, and Unilever, to name a few, are all companies that have achieved great success.

The S&P500 is made up of US-listed companies, while the Global 100 Index includes companies from outside the United States. The S&P Global 100 Index contains 73% of stocks from companies based in the United States, 18% from Europe, 7% from the United Kingdom, and 2% from Asia and Australia. The data is current as of September 30, 2021.

The value of the world’s largest companies and brands amounts to USD 14 trillion.

The S&P Global 100 index includes companies that have operations in Asia, Europe, and the Americas and have their assets and revenue streams spread around the world. This globalization requirement is an additional dimension of diversification.

If you are already diversified across different markets and you want to increase your exposure to the US market, then an S&P 500 index fund could be a good option for you.

If you only invest in US companies, you might miss out on opportunities to benefit from different economic policies.

Many people love the global diversification that the Kernel Global 100 Fund provides.

Explore CFDs On Index Funds 

When choosing a broker for trading index funds, such as the S&P 500, it is sensible to choose a broker that is regulated, licensed, and globally renowned for its reliability and focus on customer service.

About the Author Brian Richards

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